Speakers are an essential element of life nowadays. These are the components that provide sound to music, movies, sports, etc. without having speakers, we could not enjoy our daily life activities. With the growing importance of the speakers, they are coming in different forms or types like woofers, tweeters, mid-range speakers, crossovers, subwoofers, etc. People are also asking various questions about them. One of the important questions is how to match woofer and tweeter.
Many people are confused about this and don’t know exactly the answer to this question despite browsing for hours on the internet. We have decided here on mymusicgoals.com to answer this question comprehensively. After going through this article, you will be damn clear about this question and don’t confuse about it. It is going to be resolved once and for all.
Before going into detail about the concerned question, first, let me know the basics of woofers and tweeters.
The woofer is a speaker that is designed for reproducing low and mid-range frequencies. The woofer has been specially designed for reproducing many all the frequencies you hear like musical instruments, general sound effects, and voices. They come in various sizes based on their enclosure size. The smallest one could be 4-inches in diameter and the largest one would be 15-inches in diameter.
Normally, the woofers fix in the floor standing speakers have a size range of 6.5 to 8-inch in diameter. In the case of bookshelf speakers, the woofers having a 4 to 5-inch diameter range would be enough.
An especially designed speaker which is smaller in size than the woofer. It reproduces audio sounds which are extremely difficult for the human ears to hear. You can only sense this kind of sound. There is a certain limit of frequencies for these kinds of speakers.
High frequencies come in the straight directional form and that’s why it is quite easy to disperse these frequencies. Tweeter disperses these frequencies in a room and you can hear the sound accurately. In the case of narrow dispersion, the listening positions would be limited and if dispersions are wide, then you can lose the direction of the sound. Various forms of tweeters are given as:
Cone: smaller type of standard speaker.
Dome: Fabric or metal made part of the speaker which is connected with the voice coil.
Piezo :An advanced form that uses an electrical connection for vibrating a diaphragm.
Ribbon: In this case, a magnetic force is applied to a thin ribbon for recreating sound.
Electrostatic: It is a thin diaphragm between two metal screens. The screen becomes out of phase after reacting with an electrical signal. After that by attracting and repelling diaphragm vibration is generated for creating sound.
How To Match Woofer And Tweeter?
When you want to match woofers and tweeters for the improvement of the sound, you should keep in mind certain things before doing this activity. The important things in this regard are the frequencies and the sensitivities of the woofers and tweeters.
Let me first explain to you the sensitivities of these speakers. In this regard, the woofers can handle variation in the sensitivities but it is extremely difficult for the tweeter to handle this variation. First, we must try our best that both are equal insensitivity. But if this is not the possibility then try your best that the tweeter has a greater sensitivity than a woofer or at least it is equal to the sensitivity of the woofer. Tweeter having less sensitivity than the woofer is not a workable combination.
As far as the frequency is concerned, in this case, there is also a matching problem. If you are taking a woofer having 800HZ frequency, then match it with the tweeter which is not less than 2KHZ. Anything tweeter lower than 2KHZ is not workable. There will be a lot of break-ups in the mismatching scenario. Let me explain to you with the example. If you have a smaller woofer like a DC160 or DA 175 having 2KHZ frequency. It is quite easy and good to match with the morel MDT-20 tweeter. It would be the perfect combination.
Moreover, if the speakers are in the box, then the woofer will give you lower output at a lower frequency. To match it with the tweeter, it should radiate in such a way that it gives you a much higher output than the tweeter for the exact match.